What is China’s place on the current international political stage? This volume aims to answer that question with a view not only to encouraging debate, but also to spreading knowledge amongst all readers seeking to learn more and to understand the complex international society in which we operate.

In the following pages, various specialists in the field analyse the causes of the Asian giant’s rise and the uncertainties surrounding it. The authors had the opportunity to present their ideas first as speakers at the conference on China held on 27 March 2014 by CEI International Affairs and the Confucius Institute of Barcelona in collaboration with the ”la Caixa” Foundation’s Palau Macaya and Casa Asia.

This volume analyses the process by which international intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) establish their authority and, especially, the process through which they create one of the sources of their power: legitimacy. It argues that, in most cases, these institutions lack the necessary methods to enforce their authority and depend on external perceptions of their work.



This volume proposes and develops the notion of social legitimacy in order to examine and evaluate this process. 

This study is organised into three main sections. The first section examines the treaties on which the European Union is founded. The second analyses those aspects that could potentially lead to the formal adoption of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. The third examines the extent to which the proposals included in this treaty support a certain intergovernmental trend.

On 1 January 1999, a monetary union was established within the European Union. Monetary policy would be controlled by an EU body, whilst all other areas of economic policy would merely be coordinated by the Member States.  


European institutions are developing mechanisms to shape and determine the orientation of the economic policies of individual Member States, especially those in the eurozone and those experiencing financial difficulties. 

This volume analyses the economic and social policy problems facing different open economies in the current context of globalisation and economic and financial integration: the ‘trilemmas’ of globalisation. 

This monograph examines the European Commission, an institution that is independent of the EU Member States and acts in the general interest of the Union. The author, Marta Ortega, offers a detailed analysis of the origin, evolution and general characteristics of the Commission, as well as its composition and operation. 

This volume seeks to analyse the flexibility mechanisms defined under the Kyoto Protocol from a multidisciplinary perspective that encompasses not only the legal and institutional point of view, but also the mechanisms’ political and economic dimensions.  

This volume offers a regulatory and institutional analysis of the possible regulatory and organisational options for the Catalan government’s external actions and its relations with the European Union at a time when statutory development makes it necessary for these actions to be planned and regulated.

This volume includes the main talks and presentations offered at the conference on Central America jointly organised by the CEI and ”la Caixa” Foundation. The conference featured leading Spanish and Central American specialists, whose presentations and participation in the various panel discussions helped to ensure high-level debate and reflection. 

The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) is a forum that brings together 27 EU Member States and 16 non-EU states from the southern and eastern Mediterranean. All of these states participated in the Barcelona process, which was launched in 1995 with the aim of reorienting relations between the EU and its neighbours.

Volume 3 of the Tribuna Internacional collection offers a compilation of the inaugural and closing talks and addresses given at the eponymous international conference organised by the CEI at the ”la Caixa” Centre in Barcelona on 10 and 11 May 2001. The conference was co-organised with NATO’s Information and Press Office and carried out in collaboration with the Spanish Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defence, whose respective heads, the ministers Josep Piqué and Federico Trillo, participated in it.

Recent years have witnessed a considerable increase in the outsourcing of the legitimate use of force to the private sector via private military and security companies. It is necessary to assess whether such companies constitute a serious attack on the foundations of the modern state and the principles of the rule of law and whether they pose a risk to the civilian population. 

This volume offers a detailed analysis of the development, content and legal scope of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, solemnly proclaimed in September 2000 in Nice by the European Parliament, Commission and Council. 

Crises offer an opportunity to learn from mistakes. This volume aims to identify the lessons that should be drawn from certain key events, the path that led to them, and the management of both the challenges they posed and the legacies they have left. 


This volume examines the main legal issues posed by the modification of the monetary system resulting from the replacement of national currencies with a new supranational currency. In particular, it looks at the relationships between the corresponding EU and Spanish regulations, whose differences need to be resolved in accordance with the principles of the direct effect and primacy of community law.

This volume analyses the provisions of the new Catalan Statute of Autonomy that deal with the Catalan government’s external action.  

This work is twofold: to determine the meaning and scope of the concept, in particular, its nature and implications legal sustainable development, and analyze some of the legal principles that already exist in international law that can play a more direct to achieve that objective.


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