“The Economic Diplomacy in times of trade war: ¿The end of multilateralism?”

Organization: CEI International Affairs

With the collaboration of: Fundación Bancaria La Caixa

On the 20th of November 2018, within the International Classroom Programme, the Spanish Ambassador to France, the Hon. Mr. Fernando Carderera Soler, was invited by CEI International Affairs to expose his points of view about French economy and the hispanic-gallic relations.


The Ambassador was given an affectionate presentation by Mr. Antoni Millet, CEI’s director, and then, he began his discourse by presenting some traits of the Gallic country, where he points out that it’s a rich and modern country, but in which "no reforms have been made enough in the past years". He highlighted that France is a very prosperous country in some areas, but very restricted in others. An example of this is the low efficiency of the functioning of the services, in comparison with Spain.


Then, the economic, social and political relations between Spain and France were analysed. Ambassador Carderera stressed out that both countries have a close relationship in terms of culture, education, commerce, investment, politics, etc. Should be taken in to account that Spanish is the second most studied language in France after English, with about 3,200,000 students.


International Classroom France


In the economic field, the Ambassador pointed out that "there are very intense flows between both countries" and highlighted that the trade of Spain with France is higher than that of Spain with the entire American continent. France is Spain’s first customer with 15% of total exports, instead, Spain is its second supplier, after Germany. Imports are lightly below 11%. Spain is the second exporter and the sixth supplier for France. In both exports and imports, capital goods predominate.


  • Regarding investments, Spanish investment in France is important but it doesn’t reach that of France in Spain. Abertis, through the concessionaire group Sanef, which manages 20% of French highways, is the main Spanish investor in the neighbouring country.


  • In the French market the native product is related to good quality. The French consumer, in general, is willing to pay more for more quality, so is a demanding customer who gives plenty of importance to the presentation of the product.


In the social scope, France is characterized for having a high degree of regulation and regimentation, as well as a great tolerance to strikes, a current example of this are the protests of the so-called "yellow vests", which have neither a guidance nor a precise goal. It’s a country where 35 working hours per week have been established, but where many overtime hours are done and are recovered as vacation days. It should be noted that it is a society that gives special importance to social protection norms.


International Classroom France


The Ambassador stressed the great deficiencies that exist in the interconnections in transport and energy. Nowadays, there is an electrical interconnection of 2.8% of installed capacity. There is a project to improve these interconnections that consists of the construction of a submarine cable that would pass through the Bay of Biscay. If it is finally built, in 2023 the electric interconnection would increase up to 5%, far from the goal of 10% that was to be reached in 2020.


The interconnections also do not improve in the field of transport, given that currently there are only two routes of communication that unite these two countries. It is proposed, then, to build more. The different priorities of one country and another is what prevents the improvement of these interconnections. It is not a priority for France to increase the interconnections between the two countries, but for Spain it is, given that France is its communication channel with the rest of Europe.


In the political scope, F. Carderera highlighted the brilliance of President Macron, as well as his marked reformist agenda and to whom much is demanded, and although even his popularity has decreased up to 30%, it is expected to leave a mark. The Ambassador also highlighted the radicalization of the French vote in recent years, since 40% of the French vote corresponds to both the extreme right and the extreme left.


International Classroom France


Then, an interesting debate took place, in which the image of Spain in the Gallic country was particularly interesting, where, in the words of the Ambassador, "there is still a lot of work to be done". Issues such as Brexit, which could help further strengthen the bilateral relations of France and Spain, and the sovereignty of Catalonia, which greatly affected the image of Spain, also raised interest. The issue of immigration was also posed, a field that is "sensitive but still has no solution".


As a conclusion, the Ambassador proposed three advices for entrepreneurs looking to get into the French market:


  • 1) The first is to find its comparative advantage


  • 2) The second, to adopt French as a working language


  • 3) The last, attend fairs of the sector in question



Rapporteur elaborated by Ferdaous Erraklaouy El Youssoufi

Student of the Master’s Degree in Diplomacy and International Public Service



On October 16th, the Meeting with the Secretary General for the Union for the Mediterranean, the Hon. Mr. Nasser Kamel, will be held at CEI International Affairs.


The Secretary General of the UfM will offer a talk focusing on the following topic: "Potential for economic growth in the countries of the southern Mediterranean".


The Hon. Mr. Nasser Kamel has been formerly Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom and France, and therefore enjoys great expertise in the Mediterranean area.




Meeting and lunch:  

Date: 16/10/2018

Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs) 

Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.

PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.

Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara

Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)


With the aim to celebrate the 3.000 followers achieved on our Facebook profile, we want to repeat the last year experience and to offer you again a new unique opportunity to visit the European Union’s Institutions.



We are very grateful for the follow up on our Social Networks, and for this reason we will raffle a two days trip to Brussels to visit the European Neighborhood with the students of the Course on the European Union.


The prize:


Win a trip to Brussels

  • One-way flight from Barcelona to Brussels (Monday’s morning on March 18) and a return flight from Brussels to Barcelona (Tuesday’s afternoon on March 19).


  • 1 night in a hotel in Brussels.


  • An access to the institutions with the students and professors of the Course on the European Union.



To participate you must follow the following steps:



  • Like” the contest image.


  • Tag three friends in the comments.


If you want to have more chances to win, follow us on our Twitter profile too @CEIbcn.


The trip will be raffled among all those who follow the steps properly! You may participate in the draw until January 9, 2019, and its resolution will be announced on January 10.


If the world of the European Union attracts you, do not hesitate to know more about the XLI Edition of the Course on the European Union, the registrations will remain open until January 31.


*The trip to Brussels remains subject to the completion of the Course on the European Union. The CEI International Affairs reserves the right to cancel the course if the minimum number of expected students is not reached.

CEI has hosted a commemorative concert to celebrate the Anniversary of the Collaboration Agreement established between the University of Barcelona and the University of Puerto Rico.


The preparations began months ago, and everything gave its result on a magnificent summer afternoon in which the Center for International Studies hosted this celebration, consisting of an excellent concert and a cocktail.


The event was presented by Mr. Antoni Millet, director of the Center for International Studies, accompanied by Dr. Vivian Neptune, Dean of the Law School of the University of Puerto Rico.


Dr. Rebecca Páez was in charge of presenting the star of the act, the singer Mariona Sagarra. Sagarra and his musical group delighted us with a 100% accurate repertoire, in which they combined songs and poems from their latest album with boleros and Puerto Rican songs, which made the audience get up to dance and applaud, and more than one will arrive to drop some tear.


After this concert, we went to the cocktail area, where guests could enjoy a great pica a pica.


It has been a pleasure to host this event, we hope that relations with the University of Puerto Rico will continue for many years and generate many more agreements and beneficial agreements for our students.


Don’t miss the photographs of the act!


On October 16th, 2018, the Honourable Mr. Nasser Kamel, Secretary General of the Union for the Mediterranean, visited CEI International Affairs in a colloquium about the new economic challenges 

The Ambassador of Spain to Chile, the Hon. Mr. Carlos Robles Fraga, was invited by the CEI International Affairs in the framework of the "International Classroom Program". The meeting was attended by important personalities from the business, university and economic world, as well as other members of Spanish diplomacy.


The Ambassador began his presentation with a brief review of the colonial and postcolonial history of Chile. To understand it, an essential element is the "insularity" of the country: with a vast ocean to the west, an impenetrable mountain range to the east, the Atacama Desert to the north and, initially, a territory to the south without exploring beyond the Biobío River, in the colonial times, Chile was much smaller than we see today on maps. These geographical characteristics have made Chileans a people with their own characteristics, even sharing many cultural features with the countries around them. Even today, the diplomatic relations with Peru and the deficient infrastructures that connect the country with Argentina are the result of that Chile-island.


chile 9


That is why, for the Ambassador, the biggest mistake a Spaniard could make when arriving in Chile "is to think that they are equal to us". On the contrary, one must be aware that Chilean culture is different from Spanish culture and that, despite having a common language, there are particularities that must be identified quickly, such as the abruptness of the peninsula's accent in the ears of Chileans, or the particularly Chilean way of saying no without offending your interlocutor.


From this historical exhibition, it is worth highlighting an impression that the Ambassador shared with the audience, saying that one cannot understand the current Chilean society without having in mind the agricultural structure of the Chilean haciendas and, above all, it’s clearly hierarchical nature, with a "pattern" located on the cusp of it. Hence, today we observe a clearly centralized republic -with approximately 7 of the nearly 18 million inhabitants residing in the metropolitan area of ​​the capital, where also the main universities and institutions are located- and a very legalistic society, with circles of power clearly defined in which everyone is known. For the Ambassador, the elites of the country have been changing throughout its history, but those changes have not questioned the hierarchical system itself. That is why, unlike some of its neighbors, when Chile reached independence, the first century of the republic was a very stable period.


After a painful dictatorship, Chile has known in the last decades a remarkable prosperity, passing its income per capita from the $ 2,000 in 1990 to the current $ 14,000, joining the OECD and reducing their poverty from 40% to 11%. Even so, the indices still show relatively high levels of inequality, which the Ambassador attributed to a "social inequality", rather than a simple material inequality, since regardless of the personal qualities that one may have, it is still difficult to access positions of power if they have not taken certain university studies in the capital.


chile 6


In the words of Robles Fraga, Chile represents undoubted opportunities for the Spanish investor. It is a consolidated, stable democracy, with important solvent institutions: a modern and efficient criminal system, a transparent bidding system open to foreign companies, and an economic system influenced by the economic neoliberalism of the Chicago school that was implemented in the country under the Pinochet regime.


However, to these positive aspects must be added a dose of caution if you want to avoid that the Chilean adventure ends in failure. On the one hand, the Ambassador recommended that the attendees not try to go to Chile in a hurry, without knowing the surroundings. The insularity of the country has made the Chilean a person who will not trust the first foreigner, however interesting his offer may be. It is therefore advisable to prepare the investment well and ensure a network of contacts in Chile that allows the Spanish to prove their solvency and effectiveness. Another reason for caution is the current economic situation in Chile: the second term of President Bachelet has been marked by an economic situation that continues to be positive, with a growth of 1.5%, but which is far from the growth rates of the 5% or even 7% that Chile experienced at some moments during the 2000s.


What can Spaniards offer to Chile?


During the lunch that followed the presentation, one of the attendees asked the Ambassador what the Spaniards could offer to Chile. Mr. Robles Fraga responded that, at present, the Chilean economy is based around mining, agriculture and salmon fishing.


  • Spaniards can have a very important added value in the R & D sector and in everything related to infrastructures, specifically in the renewable energy sector. In this regard, the Ambassador praised the current policy of the Chilean Ministry of Energy, which has finally opted for the union of the country's electricity grid, with the active participation of the Spanish Red Eléctrica Group. This represents an opportunity, since the potential of solar energy of the Atacama Desert is enormous, and finally the energy produced there can be used in the metropolitan area of ​​Santiago de Chile.


  • Another sector where Spaniards can play a relevant role is the services sector. Robles Fraga mentioned the services to the elderly, but he made special emphasis on tourism, which only incipiently began to develop in recent years in Chile. There are still regions of the country that do not have a hotel structure capable of welcoming visitors, and beyond the infrastructure itself, the ambassador felt that the Spanish had a lot to say about the management and know-how of the hotel industry.


chile 14


At the end of the meeting, Robles Fraga had the opportunity to encourage all attendees to explore the economic opportunities that Chile represents. For this, he stressed that diplomatic relations between Spain and Chile are so positive and stable "that they become boring," in the best sense of the word. Chile and Spain share a similar vision of the world.


Eventually, the Ambassador put himself at the disposal of the assistants to help them in their future investments in Chile, and assured them that the Spanish diplomacy in the country had experience helping investors to deal with the Chilean administration. Finally, and taking advantage of the presence of attendees from the university world, the ambassador congratulated the good reputation of the Spanish university education in Chile, particularly the master's programs offered in Barcelona, ​​encouraging attendees to deepen the educational ties between both countries


Report prepared by Guillem Manso

Student of the Preparation Course to Join the Diplomatic Corps




Organization: CEI International Affairs

Because of the initiative of the member of the Commission, eminent professor and former dean of the Washington College of Law of the American University, Dr. Claudio Grossman, and the Academic Director of the CEI, of the Master's in Diplomacy and International Public Service, and professor of the Faculty of Law of the UB, Dr. Helena Torroja, has begun a line of work in the CEI aimed at studying current issues in the phase of codification and progressive development within the framework of the International Law Commission of the Organization of Nations United.


One of its first projections has been the celebration of a joint Conference between some students of the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service and the Washington College of Law. The Conference took place by videoconference last April.


Conference CEI - American University


Those students who voluntarily joined the initiative, doing their Master Final Project on topics of the ILC, under the direction of the professors Dr. Ángel Rodrigo and Dr. Marta Abegón presented the following topics:










After the presentation of each student, both Professor Grossman and the students of the Washington College of Law formulated questions and comments, establishing a fruitful dialogue.


Conference CEI - American University


In addition, it is planned to attend the next session of the ILC in Geneva, during the first week of July, of these students together with professors Dr. Helena Torroja and Dr. Angel Rodrigo. There they’re going to participate in some of the sessions of the ILC and they’re going to attend the commemorative events of the 70th anniversary of this body. They’re also having the opportunity to share and personally meet the WCL students and Professor Grossman and Professor Jennifer de Laurentiis.


We are very pleased with this collaboration with Professor Claudio Grossman and his students at the WCL, which is so enriching for the students of the Master in Diplomacy. Participation in new editions will be held in the next academic year, for our future students.

Within the framework of the activities of the Master’s Degree in Diplomacy and International Public Service, we had the opportunity to receive David W. Murray, co-director of the Center for Substance Abuse Policy Research at Hudson Institute, who explained the US approach in drugs traffic.



Mr Murray began his dissertation analyzing the drug policies that have been applied by different administrations during the last years, displaying that U.S. support for the drug control and anti-trafficking treaties has been uneven.



Undoubtedly, the drugs control in the United States is one of the main open fronts of the government: Without going any further, in 2017 more than 70,000 Americans died due to the use of cocaine, heroin or marijuana. With this scenario, the main issue is that every former president implemented their own policies and measures, starting the project all over again, instead of giving continuity to a common project in order to produce remarkable results.





Murray pointed out that information is a key element to develop and establish efficient drug policies, since in the United States of America (USA) large amounts of public money is invested inefficiently. He also mentioned that it is extremely laborious to coordinate this type of policies, since each institution has its own objectives and interests, and that makes it tough to pursue a common goal. Even so, since the Central Agency controls the budgets of each state in drug control, it seems that this problem has begun to be diluted.



Regarding the recent legalization of marijuana in several USA states, according to his point of view, it seems not to be the proper way to come up with a solution. The consequences of drug legalization or decriminalization are damaging for nations that have been beguiled by the prospects of government sanctioned drug distribution, or promises of tax revenue. Experience has shown that where drugs are legalized, not only does drug use increase sharply, but violent criminal black markets continue to operate.



Our guest also mentioned the ineffectiveness of some treatments followed by the USA and the Netherlands, with the objective of rehabilitating drug addicts. Instead of a fresh start and freedom, these programs serve up a dependent, even subjugated, client, attached in near perpetuity, receiving authorized opiates as continuous treatment, becoming thereby eligible for “recovery services” benefits. This portrait is not a measure of liberation from addiction, but rather constitutes an expanded sense of dependency. This kind of policy is not intended to stop the current situation and it will only destroy more lives. These responses do not address the causes, which are found in the increasing supply, availability, and acceptability of these narcotics in our communities.


David W. Murray



He stressed that it is urgent to build an international regime to regulate this situation, since nations cannot face a global challenge of these dimensions alone. In drug-producing countries such as Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela or Afghanistan, traffickers provide weapons, funding, and other material support to the insurgency in exchange for the protection of drug trade routes, cultivation fields, laboratories, and trafficking organizations…. It generates revenue by taxing drugs trafficked through areas they control… the narcotics trade undermines governance and rule of law throughout the country.



In short, by tolerating the drugs market, it’s impossible to achieve American interests and impossible for the drug-producing countries to build something other than a state in the grip of narcoterrorists. 



And what is even more relevant, the population needs to be protected from the terrorists, the drug lords, and the corrupt officials that force cultivation.



Priority must be given to an international agreement to solve this global threat, since the best way to prevent is to make access to drug use difficult. There is an urgent need for an international response to the current situation, and it should be comprehensive across drug threats, persistent across political administrations, and a policy priority for public health as well as criminal justice and national security concerns.



How long before someone in the international community confronts the real causes? Until they do, citizens from all over the world will continue to pay a deadly price.




By Mariona Espín Onieva

Student of the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service


Last month, the meeting with the Ambassador of Spain in the United States, Pedro Morenés, was held at CEI. In this meeting of International Classroom program, several issues were discussed from the perspective of current domestic policy of the United States and its impact on international relations between this country and the rest of the international community.


Ambassador Morenés explained the evident concordance between what happened in the 2016 presidential elections in the United States, with the unexpected triumph of President Trump, and those other situations -electoral or not- that were lived in other countries. The new sensitivity of societies opposed to "as usual" politics has produced reactions of different political colors, depending on each country, but with a common factor: its populist condition. That is, the proposal of easy solutions (apparently) and simple messages before the enormously complex and intertwined problems that make up the classic framework of political action in the present, both internally and internationally.


In this sense, the messages of "America First", "buy American and hire American", "make America great again", undoubtedly hide irrevocable principles of politics in all countries, but their exclusionary application of others as important as these, legitimately, they do that the first ones do not reach the objectives that they pretend.




And that happens, fundamentally, with international mercantile relations. The uncertainty in the markets about the rules with which they must be governed makes access to them difficult not only for medium and small nations, but fundamentally for large ones -which are the main beneficiaries of their global dimension.


The change of multilateralism by bilaterality does not favor the generation of shared prosperity, so this generates political instability. Derived from this political instability is the generation of problems of insecurity: legal, economic, social and physical -even.


In this sense, Pedro Morenés explained succinctly the relations of Spain with the United States, NATO and the European Union. In all three areas, our country has high credibility, and that favors the position of Spain in other forums; besides being a responsibility to which any country that wants to have a relevant status in the world must attend.


The Ambassador insisted that the best contribution of Spain and its European partners to NATO, was to develop an effective and efficient European defense, coordinated, with which to contribute to NATO more than the capabilities of the partners separately.




Economic relations with the US are acceptable, having experienced spectacular growth in recent years:


  • Spain is the ninth largest investor in the United States, with more than 62,000 million dollars, employing approximately 85,000 people, in more than 600 companies with Spanish capital established in this country.


  • In the current political situation, the relationship with the authorities of the different States is more important than ever, therefore, the Ambassador put the various services of the embassy at the disposal of those who would like to establish their economic activity there.


  • He also expressed the importance of knowledge of the administrative legal framework before beginning the American adventure. He pointed out that investment, the creation of economic activity, should be planned in the long term and with an important orientation towards technological competitiveness: that is how these markets open up and remain in them.


Finally, we reflected on the global leadership of the US, which was always based on the principles of freedom, democracy and the rule of law. Today in the world, this system of values ​​is discussed by other powerful actors whose systems are based on personal autocratic or single-party leadership.



Report by Beatriz Castejón

Student of the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service



On November 20, 2018 CEI International Affairs invites you to the conference "Dialogue with the Ambassador of Spain to France", which will be offered by the Ambassador of Spain to France, the Hon. Mr. Fernando Carderera Soler.


The Hon. Mr. Carderera will analyze the current economic, political and social situation of the country and its relationship with the Spanish state at a commercial and diplomatic level.


CV of the Ambassador

France Country Tab 

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation)





Date: 20 November 2018


Aimed at: Open to the public


Time: 5.30 pm


Place: Saló de Graus room, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal, 684 (Barcelona)


Kindly confirm atendance here.


The closing ceremony of the Master's Degree in Diplomacy and International Public Service for the 2017-2018 academic year has already been held. The CEI state was the place chosen for the celebration, which was chaired by Mr. Antoni Millet, Director of CEI International Affairs, the Hon. Mr. Fernando Perpiñá-Robert, Ambassador of Spain and Director of the Master, and Dr. David Bondia, Executive Director of the Master.


The main talk was made by the Hon. Mr. Luis Cuesta Civís, Diplomat and alumni of the Course of the Diplomatic Career at CEI, currently Deputy Permanent Representative for politico-military affairs in the Permanent Representation of Spain to the OSCE.


This parliament was about the new era of diplomacy, a moment full of opportunities and challenges in the new global order, something especially important for our students, new professionals of diplomacy who begin their professional career in this field.


In addition to this presentation, the most emotional point of the act came by two students of the Master, Jennifer Blanco and Michele Pitta, who gave a funny and a heartfelt speech, in which they remembered all their colleagues, teachers and CEI staff, and remembered the best moments of recent months. Impossible not to get excited!


We will miss you so much! That you have great luck in your practices, the CEI will always be your home.


And now, the complete compilation of the images of the closing act of the Master 2017-2018:


The Constitution defines France as a presidentialist republic configured in 13 metropolitan regions, 2 overseas regions and 3 unique overseas collectives, with a total of 101 departments (96 metropolitan and 5 overseas). This territorial division is located in a complex hierarchical system of administration in different levels and specialization according to the competences exercised.


Currently, the French Republic is chaired by the Hon. Mr. Emmanuel Macron and governed by a "grand coalition" that combines centrists, conservatives, socialists, among others.


The political relations between both countries are institutionalized through bilateral summits held regularly between the President of the Republic of France and the President of the Government of Spain, and / or between ministers of both governments.


Talking about the economic situation, France is, since 2017, the sixth world economic power. Among its main objectives are fiscal reforms, the reduction of the public deficit, and the increase of investments (especially in technology and innovation sectors).


Diplomatic relations with Spain are of the first order, as a result of their geographical proximity and common membership to numerous international organizations, mainly the European Union. Their relations are especially close on economic issues, cooperation in the fight against terrorism, and so on.



The Hon. Mr. Fernando Carderera Soler, Ambassador of Spain to France, is going to talk about the current situation and the relations of France with Spain, commercially and diplomatically.


Source: France Country Tab (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation).



Meeting and lunch:  


Date: 20/11/2018


Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs) 


Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.


PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.


Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara


Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)

As we have already said, each month we’re going to post questions that may appear in the Diplomatic Career exams, through #QuizCD in our social networks, Facebook and Twitter specifically.


This month, the formula was as follows: "The word «State» was first theorized by...". Our followers had to choose between: Machiavelli, Marx, Bodin or Hobbes.


Quiz Carrera Diplomática


Is the answer with more votes the correct one?


The word "State" was formulated for the first time by the philosopher Nicolás Machiavelli (1469-1527), who is considered the creator of the modern term of "State".


The origin of this modern "State" comes from the Late Middle Ages, a time in which a slow process of concentration of political power in the hands of the King began to be generated, in the detriment of the feudal lords. The process has just taken shape in the Modern Age (since the 15th century) with the creation of national monarchies such as the Spanish, French or British.


The theorization of "State" appears in The Prince (1513). For Machiavelli a State had to guarantee a social order that restrained human violence, hereafter the well-known affirmation of the author: "Is the end that justifies the means".


Machiavelli had a special conception of human society: for him, humanity had a perverse and selfish nature, only concerned for his safety and for increasing his power over others. For this reason, the philosopher considered that the State should be strong, governed by a cunning prince and without moral scruples, that could guarantee a just social order that would curb violence.


Bodin and Hobbes lived in a time closer to Machiavelli; however, Marx was born in an era much later than this definition of State.


Now you’re in the know! If you want to know more about the tests of the Opposition to Diplomatic Corps, and to know in depth the world of Diplomacy and International Relations, don’t miss a single question.


Start to follow us in our Social Networks:







Organization: CEI International Affairs 


Date: Thursday, 22/11/2018

Place: CEI International Affairs (Avda. Vallvidrera, 25 - Barcelona)



Direction: Dr. Pere Vilanova                                                 




The entry into the 21st century poses new challenges in terms of security unprecedented since the end of the Cold War. To traditional forms of military or economic challenges, new forms and doctrines will force states and international organizations to adopt innovative and multifunctional response policies. New technologies, as is inevitable, also become instruments for new threats, and cybercrime in all its variants has come to the fore. What can states and international organizations do in such a scenario?








16:15 h. – 17:15 h. FIRST ROUND TABLE:





- Mr. Oleguer Rocafull, Open Source Intelligence Analyst.





- Dr. David Ramírez, IEEE Main Analyst, Ministry of Defense.


Moderator: Dr. Pere Vilanova, Professor of Political Science and Administration, University of Barcelona and Representative of the CEI International Affairs.


17:15 h. – 18:15 h. SECOND ROUND TABLE:





- Dr. Nicolás de Pedro, Senior Fellow, The Institute for Statecraft, London.






- Dr. Pere Vilanova, Professor of Political Science and Administration, University of Barcelona and Representative of the CEI International Affairs.



Moderator: Hon. Mr. Fernando Perpiñá-Robert, Ambassador of Spain and CEI International Affairs tutor.

18:15 h. – 18:30 h. CLOSURE OF THE CONFERENCE



General Information


Date: Thursday, 22th November 2018


Place: CEI International Affairs headquarters, Av. Vallvidrera, 25, 08017 Barcelona


Registration: Registration required here.

Once the academic part of the Master's Degree in Diplomacy and International Public Service has been completed, the traditional Students Forum is celebrated, an event in which the best Master's Final Projects are presented before a court.


The Court has been formed: the Hon. Mr. Fernando Perpiñá-Robert, Director of the Master in Diplomacy, Dr. Helena Torroja, Academic Director of CEI, and Dr. David Bondia, Executive Director of the Master.


This year, the selected students have been 9, and with thesis on the most varied in the scope of the international scale:


"Mandatory transparency record: solution for bad lobbying practices in Brussels?", By Jennifer Blanco.


Jennifer Blanco - Students Forum


"The Permanent Structured Cooperation - In Defense of Europe" by Carlos Cañellas.


Carlos Cañellas - Students Forum


"The recognition of unpaid domestic work: Comparative Cross actor discourse and policy analysis of the global governance project on the Gender Equality Sustainable Development Goal" by Laura Copete.


Laura Copete - Students Forum


"The regulation of civil aviation in the European Union within the framework of new relations with the State of Israel", by Lluís Girbau.


Lluís Girbau - Students Forum


"The fiscal pillar of Europe - Analysis of the alternatives for the completion of the economic and monetary union", by Begoña Morales.


Begoña Morales - Students Forum


"Analysis of the myth of the Afghan" blowback ". To what extent is it true that we trained the jihadists from their cradle?" By Razvan-Sebastian Pantea.


Razvan-Sebastian Pantea - Students Forum


"Statehood and Recognition: the Case of Palestine", by Michele Pitta.


Michele Pitta


"The radicalization of young people by the Islamic State and the phenomenon of the returnees", by Guillem Roda.


Guillem Roda - Students Forum


"Comparative analysis of the role of women in the Zapatista revolution and in Rojava", by Elisabet Torà.


Elisabet Torà - Students Forum


We remind you that you can access the best Thesis of the Master's students in all editions through the section Research papers. Soon all of this year's Master's Thesis will be published!

We have already started a new academic year at CEI International affairs! The classrooms are full again and we can't be more excited, this is a course full of new novelties.


In September we give the kick-off to the annual training formations of CEI: The Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service and the Preparation to Join the Diplomatic Corps.


This course has plenty of changes:


The Master in Diplomacy is growing so much that their classes have had to be transferred to the Faculty of Law of the University of Barcelona.


At the Inaugural Meeting, the new Executive Director of the Master, Dr. Miguel Ángel Elizalde, Professor of Public International Law, was presented.


As for the Preparation to Join the Diplomatic Corps, the students were received in a noble dining room of CEI headquarters, to tell them the details of the course, in an edition in which the students of the online modality have increased a lot.


Do you want to have an idea of ​​the main lines of Spanish Foreign Policy today? Don’t miss this summary of each of the round tables that took place in the Course on Current Issues in Spain Foreign Policy, talking about future challenges, the Brexit, emerging actors and the Sustainable Development Agenda.


Challenges of Spanish foreign policy


The first conference of the Course was about the "challenges of Spanish foreign policy", by Ambassador Beatriz Larrotcha. It was commented that with respect to the current challenges of Spanish foreign policy we must differentiate between the challenges with essential geographic components and those challenges that make up sectoral vectors. In the geographical area, they stand out for Spain due to their importance: the Maghreb and the Sahel, Ibero-America, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa and Asia-Pacific. If we describe the priority social vectors for Spain we find: Human Rights.



Spain and the European Union: special reference to Brexit


The second part of the session consisted of a round table and debate on Spain and the EU with special reference to Brexit. Dr. Castellá gave a detailed description of the Brexit political and social process, while the Diplomat Fuentes Milani highlighted the relevance of Brexit to the EU and described the withdrawal process of the United Kingdom from the EU. Several questions were raised and one of the most recurrent issues was the future position of Gibraltar with respect to the EU. To this, it is answered that Gibraltar will leave the EU together with the United Kingdom, but that any future agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU will only be applicable to Gibraltar if Spain has so agreed.



Relations of Spain with East Asia with special attention to India as an emerging global player


Professor Nicolás de Pedro, highlighted the interest of India for its fast rise in the region, we are facing the 7th economy of the World that aspires to become the 3rd. Currently the country has systemic strengths and structural weaknesses. According to the same, India currently needs many resources that Spain can offer, such as infrastructure, tourism or construction. But, in order to take advantage of it, it is necessary that bilateral relations reach a greater intensity.


The Diplomat Fidel Sendagorta told us about his foreign policy, noting that since the 1990s there has been a rapprochement between India and the US, which considers India a counterweight to China. In short, the present and future of the Asian region will be marked mainly by the Chinese boom and the struggle of the rest of emerging countries for not being engulfed by the Asian giant.



Terrorism as a threat to international peace and security


In the round table: "Terrorism as a threat to international peace and security" was attended by two expert personalities from both the academic and diplomatic fields, with the assistance of speakers Mr. Javier García-Larrache from MAEC and Dr. Sonia Andolz, Professor of International Policy at the University of Barcelona.


In the face of decentralized terrorism and composed of "unorganized" individuals, in the whole of international society, new scenarios and challenges are proposed to fight against this scourge. In order to defeat this new form of terrorism, the proposed solutions are always framed within the rule of law. There is no talk of defeating them in the open, but by suffocation, looking for ways to reach prevention and reintegration. The role of large technology companies in the fight against terrorism was also raised, focusing the subsequent debate on the dichotomy between privacy or privacy VS. security.



Spain's relations with Africa: the challenges of the Sahel


Dr. Oscar Mateos shared with the audience his conviction that Spain must adapt its foreign policy to Africa, to ensure a better balance between the notions of development and security that inform it. For this, the notion of ownership of African partners is essential and the best way to ensure this way of working is by collaborating with the African Union or with ECOWAS, among other regional integration organizations, so that they can solve African problems on their own.


Mr. Robredo Rubio explained with reference to the Strategic Framework for Sub-Saharan Africa, emphasizing that it foresees that five times more resources will be allocated to development than to security. According to the speaker, this new Spanish approach to the continent is based on an essential observation: Africa represents a challenge and an opportunity for Spain. To extend this prosperity to the entire continent, the diplomat defended the creation and strengthening of anchor countries: States that, like South Africa, have an ability to attract organized immigration and provide new economic opportunities for Africans.



Spain and the Sustainable Development Agenda


In the last round table, composed by the speakers D. Juan Francisco Montalbán Carrasco, Ambassador in Special Mission for the Agenda 2030 and Dr. Angel Rodrigo, Professor of Public International Law, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, the question of the Agenda was discussed 2030 which is approved in 2015, the so-called year of the triumph and consolidation of multilateralism, thanks to the approval of the "Addis Ababa Action Agenda" and the "Paris Climate Agreement".


The 2030 Agenda is presented with all its slogans: "leave no one behind", integrating and mainstreaming the "5P": people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership (alliances). With these elements we try to give coherence to public policies in line with the international policy to which we have committed ourselves, conditioning and helping each other, to respond to the problems of our planet, promoting joint work. The complexity of the challenge is high; we need a universal, multi-stakeholder and multi-level effort, with a high level of accountability.



Summaries extracted from the reports prepared by the students of the Preparation Course to Join the Diplomatic Corps.



On October 16th  the Secretary General of the Union for the Mediterranean, Excm. Mr. Nasser Kamel, will give a talk open to the public.


The Secretary General of the UfM will offer a conference in English that will be entitled: "Regional cooperation in the Mediterranean: ten years of the Union for the Mediterranean".


The Excm. Mr. Nasser Kamel has been formerly Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom and to France, which is why his expertise is closely linked to the Mediterranean area.





Date: 16/10/2018

Aimed at: Open to the public Registrations closed due to full seating capacity

Time: 5.30 pm

Place: Saló de graus, Faculty of Law. University of Barcelona.


Kindly confirm atendance here.

We have finished another edition of the Course on the European Union! This time, we have celebrated the closing ceremony of the XL Edition of the Course on the European Union in the Hall of Degrees of the Faculty of Law of the University of Barcelona.


To preside over this act we have had the Hon. Mr. Senén Florensa, Diplomat and Director of the Course on the EU, as well as Dr. Helena Torroja, Academic Director of the CEI, and the main lecturer, Diplomat Miguel García-Herraiz, who gave a presentation on the European Union.


To celebrate the closing of an emblematic course in its fortieth edition, we wanted to have a Diplomat who would have dealt very closely with an organization such as the European Union, and that is why the speaker was García-Herraiz, currently Assistant Secretary General of the Union for the Mediterranean.


The diplomat offered the students and their families a brief lecture on "The expansion of the concept of the Southern Neighborhood in the strategic thinking of the EU" to complete, in a very practical way, the teachings that the students had already lived throughout the 3 months of the course.


To finish the event, Dr. Núria González, coordinator of the Course, has called the students to collect their diploma, granted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, the Catalan Secretariat for Foreign and EU Affairs and CEI International Affairs.


Now we just have to start preparing the next edition of the Course on the EU. Full of news!



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