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OPTIONS

The former Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service (UB-UAB) was born as a 100% professional training, that's why it wasn’t official since its creation.

 

For the 2019-2020 academic year, the Master becomes official, and receives the designation of Master's programme in Diplomacy and International Organizations, taught by the CEI International Affairs, Affiliated Centre * to the University of Barcelona. * Pending publication.

 

 

What are the advantages of an Official Master's programme?

 

 

  • An official Master's programme has a greater international recognition. In the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), official master's degrees are recognized in all universities.

 

  • It allows access to pursue a Doctorate in Spain.

 

 

  • If at the end of a Master's degree, the student decides to apply for a public examination, at the time of assessing the merits, the Official Master's Degree is awarded as postgraduate training, while the Own Title scores as continuing education and its value it is inferior.

  

 

What will the Official Master's Degree consist of?

 

 

The Master's Degree in Diplomacy and International Organizations will maintain the same essence as the former title:

 

  • Career oportunities: Diplomacy; international officials of the UN or the EU; ...

 

  • Teaching staff: International officials, diplomats ...

 

  • Compulsory internship (3-6 months): In Embassies, Consulates, International Organizations ...

 

  • Spanish-English bilingual training

 

Check all the information about the Master's programme in Diplomacy and International Organizations.

 

 

EXTRAORDINARY CALL:

 

On the occasion of the officialization of the title in September the final entrance examination is going to be held.

 

  • Next date: September 10.

Under the title "Senegal, its economy and bilateral relations with Spain" on May 28, 2019 CEI International Affairs held a session of International Classroom with the Hon. Mr. D. Alberto Virella Gomes, Ambassador of Spain to Senegal.

 

The meeting allowed attendees to establish a direct and relaxed dialogue with Ambassador Virella, to whom he shared the political, economic and social reality of the country, focusing on the business opportunities offered and the increasingly close and fruitful link with Spain.

 

Senegal

 

The Ambassador stressed the ties that bind us to Senegal, a country that due to its geographical location is of special importance for Spain. Senegal is a country that due to its geographical location is of special importance for Spain. Unlike other countries in its environment, it is not known to be the scene of armed conflicts or epidemics, but because it is a country that emits irregular migration, an issue that has marked the relationship between Spain, Senegal and the subregion, especially since 2006 with the "Crisis of the cayucos". This circumstance explains to a great extent the intensification of bilateral relations, as well as the notable diplomatic deployment of Spain in the subregion as a whole, marked by a multidimensional approach to the migratory phenomenon.

 

The Ambassador noted the remarkable political stability of the country, as well as its democratic regime, having been carried out since its independence only peaceful relays of government through democratic elections. The foundations of stability can be found in the remarkable existing ethnic and religious coexistence, together with a secular public administration inspired by the French model.

 

Senegal

 

He also highlighted the development strategy undertaken since Macky Sall took office in 2012, called the "Emerging Senegal Plan", which began running in 2014. Since then, the country has growth rates of 6-7 % of GDP. This strategy aims to reach the level of emerging country before 2035, relying on the exploitation of hydrocarbons (gas and oil) from 2022. It is expected that exploitation will account for 5% GDP and growth rates from 2022-2023 of around 10%. The first five years of the plan have resulted in heavy public investments in infrastructures that seek to address shortcomings that place Senegal today in the category of least developed countries, having made significant investments in access to drinking water and sanitation, electrical connections and road infrastructures.

 

The legal framework and the implementation of guarantees for investments (including bilateral agreements in force on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments and Double Taxation) represent an attractive and business opportunity for Spanish companies that aspire to awards. Nevertheless, the Ambassador pointed out that market access is not always easy, taking into account the local idiosyncrasy, the values ​​of patience and perseverance. In addition, companies must compete with those of other countries that are also positioned as commercial partners of Senegal.

 

Senegal

 

The representatives of the business sector present in the debate showed an accentuated interest regarding legal security. Senegal is situated at a medium-high level, in Africa, in the legal security indicators and a commercial arbitration system has been put in place. However, it has deficiencies in the labor jurisdiction, generally unfavorable to the interests of the foreign entrepreneur. On the other hand, it is a market with interesting returns focused on the long term. In addition, Senegal must face shortcomings in specialized human resources, due to limited schooling and professional training that must be adapted to the demand of companies. In this sense, the planned and future investments in the tourism sector must be accompanied by the training of human resources in all services connected to it.

 

Senegal

 

The Ambassador also stressed that improving the business climate is essential to attract local and foreign private investment, this being one of the main points of dialogue between the EU (and the donor community as a whole) and the Senegalese government. There is a great willingness in the EU, for example, through its Foreign Investment Plan to guarantee European private investments and contribute, through technical assistance, to improve economic governance, transparency and legal certainty.

 

At the level of security risks, Senegal has never suffered terrorist attacks or highlighted threats in this regard. However, in addition to having security forces that are increasingly better equipped and prepared, there is a population that actively collaborates with them, warning of possible threats. In the Casamance region, in the south of the country, a low intensity conflict persists, which does not prevent it from being a tourist attraction. As for common crime, it does not reach alarming levels.

 

Senegal

 

Spain has included Senegal in the III Africa Plan (approved in 2019) as one of the priority countries and the first with which a "strengthened partnership" will be established. The Embassy of Spain in Dakar is already one of the largest in sub-Saharan Africa, with several branch offices. For example, it is the only one in that region with an employment and social security office, which facilitates the recruitment at source of Senegalese seasonal workers to go to work in Spain, which constitutes a legal alternative to irregular immigration.

 

The Ambassador ended up highlighting the importance and symbolism of Dakar hosting the Olympic Youth Games in 2022, being the first Olympic event in Africa, and the opportunity it represents for the development of hotel activity, services, training and human resources.

 

 

Report prepared by Francisco Bote Navia

Student of the Preparation to Join the Diplomatic Corps.

The Danish Refugee Council is leading an exciting new EU project aiming at recruiting and deploying individuals as part of the European Union Aid Volunteers initiative. The project enables EU citizens and long-term residents in EU to get involved in international humanitarian aid projects and foster their career, recruiting senior and junior positions for EU Aid Volunteers.

 

EU Aid Volunteers

 

  • Are you a young professional?

 

For young professionals this is a great opportunity to get involved in international humanitarian aid projects and by this kick-starting an international career within the humanitarian sector. As an EU Aid Volunteer, you will be able to upgrade your skills within the field of humanitarian aid through in-depth training and hands-on experience in a non-EU country affected by disaster.

 

  • Are you an experienced professional?

For experienced professionals this is a great opportunity to gain new or more international experience by getting involved in humanitarian aid projects in non-EU countries affected by disaster. As a senior EU Aid Volunteer, you will be able to strengthen and develop your skills within the field of humanitarian aid through in-depth training and hands-on field experience.

 

  • Is this volunteering paid?

The initiative covers volunteers’ expenses during the trainings and deployment, including travel costs, insurance, and accommodation. In addition, EU Aid Volunteers will receive a monthly subsistence allowance covering everyday expenses such as food, local transport and other expenses.

 

 

Our experience with the Hope Project:

 

The CEI International Affairs, as well as other European Universities, is participating in the Hope Project, led by the Danish Refugee Council, the Estonian Refugee Council and Alianza por la Solidaridad.

 

As we said, the main objective of this project is to promote the presence of young people in the European Union Aid Volunteers, at the same time that we announce the different vacancies at Internacional Vacancies

 

Moreover, the Hope Project has given us the opportunity to invite at the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service some important personalities as Mr. F. Harhoff, Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) or Mr. Mohamed A. Bangura, Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL).

 

int grupoEUAid

 

Last week, our Project & Program Manager, Ms. Laura Mas, travelled to Tallinn, Estonia, to work with the Hope Project team with the purpose of creating a strategy for: Making students aware of EU Volunteers, and make sure the students have proper skills for the EU Aid Volunteer positions.

The Republic of India, in Hindi Bhārat Ganarājya, is the seventh largest country in the world. Its surface is six times bigger than the Spanish one.

 

It’s expected that its population, today of 1,340 million inhabitants, will soon reach that of China, 1,379 million, and it will be the most populated country in the world. Until 1991 the successive governments applied a policy of centralized planning and substitution of imports.

 

Since then, successive reforms have profoundly transformed the country's economy. Although it still faces great challenges, the Indian economy now has one of the highest growth rates in the world and is now the 6th largest in the world.

 

The political life after the independence has been dominated in its majority by the Party of the Congress, under the historical leadership of the Nehru-Gandhi family, until 1977, when for the first time it lost elections. Since the nineties, the Popular Party of India (Bharatiya Janata Party, BJP), a Hindu conservative party, has been gaining weight.

 

India ranks 36th as a destination for Spanish exports and is the 19th largest supplier in our country. Among the countries of the EU, Spain is the 7th exporter to India and the 7th importer of Indian products.

 

The valuation of Spain in India, in terms of its specific weight in economic and technological matters, has improved considerably in recent years, especially in areas such as infrastructure and renewable energies.

 

In relation to its foreign policy, one of the main novelties, since the arrival of the BJP party to the government, has been the intensification and diversification of India's foreign relations. The current government seeks the recognition of India as a global power of the first order.

 

Diplomatic relations between Spain and India began in 1956. Spain created in 1958 a resident embassy in New Delhi. As a result of Prime Minister Modi's trip to Spain in May 2017, both countries approved a joint document under the title "Association for peace, growth and innovation between Spain and India".

 

The Hon. Mr. José Ramón Barañano, Ambassador of Spain to India, will present the current situation and the relations of the country with Spain, at a commercial and diplomatic level.

 

Source: India Country Tab (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation).

 

 

Meeting and lunch:  

 

Date: 25/06/2019

 

Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs). 

 

Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.

 

PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.

 

Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara.

 

Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)

Mr. F. Harhoff, Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), gave a lecture to the students of the Master in Diplomacy and International

What does the Entrance Examination consist on?

 

 

• Written part: This part consists of 5 questions in Spanish and 5 questions in English on issues related to International Public Law and International Organizations.

 

In the area of ​​International Public Law we are going to refer to generic concepts. Examples of possible questions:

 

 - Who can be a subject of Public International Law?

 

- What are the requirements for a territory to be considered a State?

 

- What types of international standards exist?

 

- What is the international custom?

 

In the area of ​​International Organizations, you should focus on the United Nations and the European Union, with emphasis on the main organizations such as the European Parliament, the European Council, the European Commission or the Council of the European Union. Examples of possible questions:

 

 - Differences between organisms, differences in the decision-making process...

 

 

• Interview in English: Candidates meet with the Ambassador Fernando Perpiñá-Robert. This short interview has the purpose of evaluating the level of English, to ensure that it is enough to follow the bilingual master without difficulties.

 

• Interview in Spanish: The candidates also meet with the Executive Director of the Master, Dr. Miguel Ángel Elizalde. Dr. Elizalde analyzes the documentation presented and the written test previously done. He will ask questions to know more about the candidate, in relation to his motivation, international vocation...

  

 

Bibliography to prepare the Entrance Examination:

 

 • Compendium of Public International Law, Oriol Casanovas and Ángel J. Rodrigo, Editorial Tecnos.

 

International Law, Antonio Remiro Brotons, Editorial Tirant lo Blanch.

 

 

We recommend focusing on the basic and generic concepts of the manuals. Pay special attention to the topics or chapters on:

 

a. International Subjectivity

 

b. International Law and its regulation

 

c. United Nations and its operation

 

d. Main international organizations

 

e. International Law of Human Rights

 

f. European Union https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu_en

 

 

We make special mention of the fact that not only the usual degrees like Law, Political Science or International Relations can be presented to this test. It is demonstrated that the International Organizations need profiles with different formations.

 

 

Time and place for the test:

 

Time: Morning schedule (will be specified to those registered 1 week before the test)

 

Location: Headquarters of the CEI.

 

There is the possibility to perform the access test via Skype.

  

 

What do I need to do the Entrance Examination?

 

 

The following documentation must be sent to info@ceibcn.com:

 

  • Candidates must hold a university, engineering or architecture degree (or have less than 10% of the necessary credits left for the award thereof)

 

  • International orientation

 

  • Basic knowledge of international issues

 

  • Strong command of spoken and written English and Spanish

 

  • Curriculum vitae

 

  • Certified copy of your university degree or equivalent qualification

 

  • Copy of a valid ID or passport

 

  • Covering letter

 

  • 2 letters of recommendation (academic or professional, in Spanish, French or English)

 

  • 1 scanned photograph

 

  • Proof of payment of the €130 entrance examination fee

CONFERENCE

"RECONFIGURATION OF THE WORLD ORDER:

TECHNOLOGIES, POLICIES, COMPANIES, SOCIETIES "

Organization: CEI International Affairs

With the collaboration of:

On March 27, the Center for International Studies invited the Ambassador of Spain to Morocco, the Hon. Mr. Ricardo Díez-Hochleitner in the framework of the International Classroom Program. Important personalities from the business, university, economic and international relations world attended the session.

 

The Ambassador began by giving an account of the geostrategic parameters that mark the regional fit of Morocco, and determine its triple Atlantic, Mediterranean and African vocation.

 

  • Its proximity to the European continent, 14 kilometers from Spain, and its location in the Maghreb area, have marked its historical evolution and relations with its neighbors. In relation to the MENA countries, Morocco stands out for offering a stable political model and with important advances enshrined in its 2011 Constitution, for having a moderate Islam, and for having been a country of welcome and coexistence of culture and religions, with a important Jewish minority. Another essential characteristic of the Kingdom of Morocco is its remarkable historical permeabilization to developments operating in the West and Europe (Morocco was the first country to recognize the independence of the United States).

 

  • They emphasize their status as protectorate during the period of colonization, their proximity to Europe, their greater degree of stability and their country traits with multiparty and market economy since independence in the regional context. This is well explained by the close relations with the EU (Morocco, in fact, made a request to join the European Community in 1987) and its specific position outside the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries.

 

  • Finally, the ancestral and growing ties with the African countries allow us to illustrate the role that Morocco aspires to play as a regional power in this continent. Its objectives are both political and economic. In economic terms, it has become the first inter-African investor in West Africa and second in the continent, especially in the financial sector, as well as telecommunications and renewable energy.

 

Encuentro con el Embajador de España en Marruecos - CEI

 

Morocco has undergone an important process of economic modernization in the last decade. Between 2006 and 2017, the average growth is 4%. This modernization has been evidenced in the development of infrastructures: Morocco today has, among others, an extensive network of highways and the first high-speed line on the African continent, between Tangier and Casablanca. It also highlights the formation of free zones, the important development of an automobile industry, and the textile industry, with significant participation of Spanish companies (Inditex, Mango, El Corte Inglés), which have absorbed 75,000 jobs.

 

Despite being the most stable country in the region, Morocco faces, like others, several internal challenges, such as youth unemployment and education.

 

The bilateral political relationship between Spain and Morocco as "strategic partners" is excellent, as evidenced by the intense cooperation and dialogue counting on the impulse of both Kings and channeled through the High Level Meetings, the Parliamentary Forums, as well as the bilateral visits, among which the recent State Visit of SS.MM. the Kings to Rabat and the multiple areas of cooperation at a sectoral level. In addition, in the last 15 years there has been an important intensification of relations, on the basis of solid cultural and educational ties marked by a fluid interlocution and excellent multisectoral understanding to respond to shared challenges, such as irregular migration flows or the struggle against terrorism and organized crime.

 

Encuentro con el Embajador de España en Marruecos - CEI

 

Economically, Spain has become, for 6 years, the first commercial partner for Morocco, representing 40% of its exports to the EU. For Spain, Morocco is the second most important client outside the European Union. Trade between the two has doubled in the last seven years and the presence of Spanish companies that export to Morocco has increased exponentially (20,714 Spanish companies exported in 2018 to Morocco).

 

In relation to Spanish investment in Morocco, there is still room to take advantage of the potential offered by a country that occupies the 60th position in the World Bank's "Doing Business Report" ranking. Morocco also offers an excellent platform to access Africa. The Ambassador recalled that both the Embassy and the Commercial Offices are available to help companies interested in trading invest in Morocco.

 

AU 1

Report elaborated by Geòrgia Oriol Puggalí

 

Student of the Preparation to Join the Diplomatic Corps

CONFERENCE

“The Economic Diplomacy in times of trade war: ¿The end of multilateralism?”

Organization: CEI International Affairs

Mr. Mohamed A. Bangura, Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL for its acronym: Special Court for Sierra Leone), gave a lecture to the students of the Master in 

Do not miss this summary of the XVIII edition of the Course on Current Issues in Spanish Foreign Policy, speaking of various geographical areas: Europe, the Mediterranean, the Near East and

The Republic of Ecuador is, according to the constitution of 2008, a unitary and centralized republic. Ecuador is divided into 24 provinces, headed by a Governor (appointed by the President) and a Prefect (elected by popular vote). In turn, these are divided into cantons (221) and provinces (1,500).

 

This Constitution of 2008 later reformed as a result of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7, 2011, is characterized by a greater presence of the State in both institutional and economic life, with greater control and participation of the Government in economic sectors such as oil, mining, telecommunications or water.

 

In economical terms, after years of strong economic growth, with an average GDP growth rate of 4.5% in the last ten years, since 2014 there has been an economic slowdown caused by the fall in the price of oil, slowdown in growth in the region and an appreciation of the dollar that has eroded the competitiveness of Ecuadorian exports.

 

In terms of trade, the European Union represents 14.6% of Ecuadorian exports, and within this, the role of Spain (3.3%) followed closely by Germany (3.2%). Most of these exports are oil.

 

In relation to its foreign policy, Ecuador has an ambitious policy of global vocation that seeks to deepen and extend its diplomatic relations beyond its traditional partners.

 

The diplomatic relations between Spain and Ecuador are presided over by a spirit of collaboration and trustiness. Both countries regularly maintain contacts, as well as high-level visits. Bilateral relations with Ecuador have increased in the last decade due to the number of Ecuadorian citizens living in Spain, which has grown exponentially to reach the figure of approximately half a million, of which almost 200,000 hold dual citizenship.

 

The Hon. Mr. Carlos Abella and de Arístegui, Ambassador of Spain to Ecuador, is going to present the current situation and the relations of the country with Spain, at a commercial and diplomatic level.

 

 Source: Ecuador Country Tab (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation).

 

 

Meeting and lunch:  

 

Date: 02/04/2019

 

Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs) 

 

Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.

 

PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.

 

Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara

 

Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)

Senegal is a presidentialist Republic. The National Assembly consists of 165 deputies elected by universal suffrage every 5 years.

 

In economic terms, the volume of business and the Spanish presence in Senegal are still modest. Our trade balance with Senegal registers a traditional surplus.

 

In 2016, exports reached € 253 million (with a decrease of 10% compared to 2015), as a result of the reduction of smelting and iron and steel products (24% decrease) as well as of fuels (of 112.1 M. at 93.5 M).

 

Among the main suppliers in Senegal, Spain ranked 7th in 2017, ranking 4th in the European Union, behind France, the Netherlands and Belgium.

 

In relation to its foreign policy, since its independence as a Republic, Senegal has maintained a close relationship with France, former colonial power. Currently Senegal also has a privileged relationship with the EU, which is part of the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.

 

Senegal has also cultivated excellent relations with the US and has pursued in recent years a greater weight in its foreign relations with emerging countries such as South Africa, India, Brazil, China, as well as with the Gulf Emirates, South Korea or Turkey.

 

Diplomatic relations between Spain and Senegal have followed an uninterrupted and friendly line since the establishment of diplomatic relations on March 3, 1965.

 

The Hon. Mr. Alberto Virella Gomes, Ambassador of Spain to Senegal, is going to talk about the current situation and the relations of the country with Spain, commercially and diplomatically.

 

Source: Senegal Country Tab (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation).

 

 

Meeting and lunch:  

 

Date: 28/05/2019

 

Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs). 

 

Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.

 

PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.

 

Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara.

 

Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)

During the first week of April you have an appointment at the CEI International Affairs to attend the Course on Current Issues in Spanish Foreign Policy.

What are we going to debate

Presentation

On May 28, 2019 CEI International Affairs invites you to the conference "Dialogue with the Ambassador of Spain to Senegal", which will be offered by the Ambassador of Spain to Senegal, the Hon. Mr. Alberto Virella Gomes.

 

The Hon. Mr. Virella will analyze the current economic, political and social situation of the country and its relationship with the Spanish state at a commercial and diplomatic level.

 

CV of the Ambassador

Senegal Country Tab 

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation)

 

 

Talk

 

Date: 28th May 2019

 

Aimed at: Open to the public

 

Time: 5.30 pm

 

Place: Saló de Graus room, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal, 684 (Barcelona)

 

Kindly confirm atendance here.

Morocco is defined as a democratic, parliamentary and social constitutional monarchy, with a State divided into 12 administrative regions (if the territory of Western Sahara is included), currently the Head of Government is Mr. Saadeddine El Othmani.

 

For several years the country has maintained an active foreign policy in Africa (47 trips by the Moroccan monarch to 26 African states) in which the return to African institutions has been a central objective.

 

Morocco is a country characterized by political and economic stability superior to the rest of the countries in the region. During the last years it has reached very dynamic average growth rates (average close to 4% in the period 2010-2015), despite the geopolitical and economic context.

 

Economically, Morocco is the first destination of Spanish investment in Africa. According to data of the R.I.E. MINECO, Morocco receives more than a third of all direct Spanish investment directed to the African continent (43% of the stock of our investment in the continent, according to 2016 data).

 

The bilateral relations between Spain and Morocco stand out for their strength and vitality, underlined by the proximity between the two Royal Houses.

 

The Hon. Mr. Ricardo Díez-Hochleitner, Ambassador of Spain to Morocco, will present the current situation and the relations of the country with Spain, at a commercial and diplomatic level.

 

 Source: Morocco Country Tab (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation).

 

 

Meeting and lunch:  

 

Date: 27/03/2019

 

Aimed at: Journalists, academics, representatives of institutions, and entrepreneurs (at the express invitation of CEI International Affairs) 

 

Hours: from 13:30 h. to 4:00 pm.

 

PlaceAvda. Vallvidrera, 25. Barcelona.

 

Contact: Sra. Àngels Vara

 

Price: 75 Euros (corresponding to lunch)

The Hon. Mr. Carlos Abella y de Arístegui, Ambassador of Spain to the Republic of Ecuador, was invited to participate in the Meeting with Ambassadors of Spain, framed in the International Classroom organized by the CEI International Affairs. In this meeting, different personalities from the business world and international relations participated.

 

The Ambassador began his speech by enumerating a series of typical characteristics of Ecuador, which allowed attendees to obtain an overview of this country. Ecuador achieved independence in 1822, although it would not be independent as such until 1830. Throughout the nineteenth century there was a series of political, military and social changes that made that century and part of the next, a convulsive period for the country. Democracy is finally established in 1979.

 

ecuador2Regarding the cultural and ethnic diversity of the country (officially 6% of the population is indigenous, compared to 72% of mestizos), he pointed out that the demarcation between ascriptions is often diffuse, being the case that Ecuadorian citizens are often considered indigenous or mestizo because of factors that are not strictly ethnic, such as the profession or the geographical area of ​​residence.

 

Ambassador Abella also reported on recent political developments: After the so-called party-crisis period (1996-2006), in mid-2006 Rafael Correa assumed the presidency of the country for two consecutive terms until mid-2017, when Lenin Moreno, the current president, also of the party runner, succeeds him in office. During the Correa phase, in 2008, the new constitution, called Montecristi, was approved, which aims to consecrate the postulates of socialism of the 21st century, among which to give a greater participatory role to its citizens.

 

  • In the economic chapter, he stressed that after several years of strong economic growth, with an average GDP growth rate of 4.5%, in 2015-2016 a period of shadows and lights begins, as economic growth slows down given the drop in the price of oil, the unstable regional economic situation, as well as an appreciation of the dollar that reduces the competitiveness of Ecuadorian exports. This has as consequences the reduction of domestic and foreign direct investment, and the reduction of public spending to be able to cope with the fall of tax revenues.

 

The economy was also affected by the trade safeguard measures that were imposed from 2015 to May 2017 and further reduced domestic and foreign trade in the country. However, during 2017 and once the measures were dismantled, the economy and trade grew thanks to the entry of the Multiparty Agreement between the European Union and Ecuador, which has grown both imports and exports.

 

Currently, President L. Moreno has taken a series of decisions to develop an economic reform of the country such as reducing public spending, eliminating safeguards, reducing VAT, a tax reduction and public taxes, to try to reactivate the country's economy. This has finally led Ecuador to reach an agreement with the IMF and other International Financial Institutions to establish conversations with the International Monetary Fund in an attempt to finance and manage its consolidated debt. In a positive way, we should mention, the low inflation of the country with a rate of 0.27% thanks to the dollarization of the economy, compared to a public debt of 45% of GDP, which means that the country risk remains high.

 

ecuador1

 

  • In the foreign policy chapter, diplomatic relations with Spain continue to be presided over by a climate of trust and collaboration, in part due to the increase in Ecuadorian citizens in Spain, which according to data from the National Institute of Statistics totals 137,000 people, although the total figure , including binational ones, is about 480,000. Spain is among the first investors in Ecuador, with 120 companies installed in practically all economic sectors. Spain is configured as the first exporter to the country within the Union and also as the first importer.

 

During the Q&A time several questions were raised: On the one hand, economic and energy issues arose, as well as on the type of health system existing in the country. On the other hand, the meeting gave rise to other exchanges on the access and level of university education in the country, the weight of Spanish Cooperation in Ecuador and the degree of involvement of diplomatic relations between different states, including Spain, first, by the Venezuelan crisis, and later, because of the case of J. Assange.

 

The Ambassador concluded by noting that, despite the difficulties, the country is beginning to show signs of economic recovery, making Ecuador an attractive country to make investments. He also referred to the challenges facing Ecuador in the coming years, among which the challenge of taking advantage of its hydroelectric potential or ending informal jobs (56% of the total), which reduce capacity State collection.

 

 

nayara2

 

Report prepared by Nayara Maldonado Solís

 

Student of the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service

 

 

 

 

Presentation

On March 26, CEI International Affairs invites you to the conference "Dialogue with the Ambassador of Spain to Morocco", which will be offered by the Ambassador of Spain to Morocco, the Hon. Mr. Ricardo Díez-Hochleitner. 

 

The Hon. Mr. Díez-Hochleitner will analyze the current economic, political and social situation of the country and its relationship with the Spanish state at a commercial and diplomatic level.

 

CV of the Ambassador

Morocco Country Tab

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation)

 

 

Talk

Date: 26 March 2019 

 

Aimed at: Open to the public

 

Time: 7 pm

 

Place: Saló de Graus room, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal, 684 (Barcelona)

 

Kindly confirm atendance here.

The Course on the European Union has come to an end, and one more year, its students have collected the diplomas at the closing ceremony of the course.

We had the pleasure of receiving in the CEI International Affairs Mr. Josep Borrell, Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, in a meeting divided into two parts:

 

JARDIN1In the first place, a private discussion was held with the Founders - Trustees of the CEI International Affairs, among them the University of Barcelona and the Abertis company, as well as business members of the Executive Club CEI such as Rubau Construcciones, Ilustre Colegio de Abogados de Barcelona.

 

After the private colloquium, Minister Borrell has offered an interesting conference on the challenges Europe is facing, addressed to the students of the Preparation of the Opposition to Join the Diplomatic Corps and the Master in Diplomacy and International Public Service.

 

Minister Borrell has made a review of such latent issues as the case of Venezuela, the Brexit, the presence of Spain in Africa or the practices of bad government in some Latin American countries.

 

 

VENEZUELA AND THE EU POSITION

 

Speaking about Venezuela, the Minister highlighted the fact that it is difficult to achieve a common position at the European Union level, since this would require all states to agree 100%.

 

 

"THE BREXIT HASN’T CAUSED AN EPIDEMIC, IT HAS BEEN A VACCINE"

 

Minister Josep Borrell al CEIMuch more extensive have been the reflections of the Minister about Brexit, that he himself has defined with a metaphor: "The Brexit is a surgery, it is necessary to separate the United Kingdom of the European Union and there is a great amount of blood vessels that they break and you have to sew them up. "

 

Assess the effects of Brexit was very difficult, and Borrell says that surely the English didn’t know that the decision will have consequences of such magnitudes, even and so, stays with the positive, and he stresses that Brexit has not caused an epidemic by contagion, on the contrary, it has been a vaccine, since countries don’t want to follow the example of the United Kingdom.

 

 

SPAIN IN AFRICA

Spain's position in Africa has also been mentioned, alluding to its importance: the Minister explained to the students and the media that Spain exports more to Portugal and Morocco than to more than half of the Humanity (China, India and Russia).

 

 

 PRACTICES OF BAD GOVERNMENT IN LATIN AMERICA

 

Finally, he has mentioned the practices of bad government that occur in some Latin American countries. For Borrell: "There are governments that have been able to detect the needs of citizens and make a good diagnosis, and that has made people vote them, the problem is that perhaps the therapy proposed for this diagnosis is not as good as it should be."

 

The final reflection of the Minister has been that in the face of global aspects of such magnitude, an only country can do little, and therefore, has explained that there is still much pending in relation to Institutions Building, since there are no institutions that promote and control the respect for rights in all areas: human, economic...

 

Josep Borrell didn’t want to end the conference without first leaving some advice to the students of the CEI as the importance of a good negotiation and the distinction between the true and the false, "something fundamental when everyday there is more false news and they expand so rapidly because there are those who are interested in doing so."

 

 

 Don’t miss the full image gallery of Minister Borrell's visit to the CEI!

 

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